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Heroin

What is heroin?

Heroin is a drug that is made from a poppy plant and is very dangerous to use.

 

 

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about the dangers of heroin and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

How does heroin affect me?

Once someone becomes addicted to heroin, it is very hard to stop using it.

This is especially dangerous because, if someone uses too much heroin, they can “overdose.” An overdose is what it’s called when someone uses too much of a drug and it harms them. Heroin overdoses can cause vomiting, lack of oxygen to the brain, and even death.

 

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How does alcohol affect teens?

 

Alcohol is any type of drink that causes the drinker to become “drunk.”

This includes:

  • beer
  • wine
  • liquor (vodka, gin, rum, tequila, whiskey)

 

 

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about the dangers of drugs and alcohol and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

 

How does alcohol affect me?

Alcoholic drinks have a chemical called ethanol in them. When someone drinks ethanol, they become intoxicated or drunk. This means that they aren’t able to think or act normally.

As people become more and more drunk, they will:

  • have delayed thoughts and actions
  • have a hard time standing straight or walking upright
  • feel sleepy
  • have poor decision-making
  • act uncontrollably

Some short-term effects of drinking are:

  • feeling nauseous and vomiting
  • having headaches
  • experiencing memory loss
  • difficulty moving

Some long-term effects of drinking are:

  • having high blood pressure, which can lead to other issues
  • heart disease
  • liver disease
  • cancer
  • memory problems
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • becoming addicted

 

Frequently asked questions

 

How does a person stop being drunk?

The only way for a person to stop being drunk is time. A drunk person’s liver will eventually break down all of the alcohol in their body until the person is no longer drunk.

However, if a person drinks too much at one time, they can suffer from alcohol poisoning. If this happens, they will have to go a hospital for emergency care.

 

Why do some people react differently to alcohol than others?

Like many things in life, different people react differently to different things. The way that alcohol affects someone can depend on many things, like:

  • age
  • gender
  • race/ethnicity
  • height and weight
  • family history
  • use of other drugs

 

What is a hangover?

A “hangover” refers to the bad feeling that some people get after drinking. It usually includes feeling nauseous and having a bad headache.

 

Is beer and wine safer to drink than liquor?

No, this is a common misconception. While beer and wine have lower alcohol content in them compared to liquor, they are not any safer to drink.

12 ounces of beer is about the same as five ounces of wine and 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor. If someone drinks enough of any of them, they will become drunk.

 

What does blood alcohol content mean?

Blood alcohol content (BAC) refers to the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood.

For example, a BAC of .02% mean that there is .02 grams of alcohol for every 100 grams of blood in a person’s body.

In the United States, the legal BAC limit for driving is .08%.

 

What is alcoholism?

Alcoholism is a mental health disorder that causes someone to be unable to control the amount of alcohol they drink.

Alcoholism can develop by drinking too often or by relying on alcohol to make yourself numb to other feelings.

 

How do I know if I have a drinking problem?

If you rely on drinking alcohol to control your emotions or if you feel like you have to drink in order to feel normal, you may suffer from alcoholism or other mental health disorders.

If you’re unsure if you have a mental health disorder, take our mental health screening assessment tool.

 

Is it ever safe to drink alcohol?

Yes, it is safe to drink alcohol if you are an adult (21 years or older) and if you drink only a little at a time. It is never safe to drink and drive.

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Marijuana

 

What is marijuana?

Marijuana is a drug that comes from a cannabis plant. Other terms for marijuana include:

  • weed
  • pot
  • dope
  • hash

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about the dangers of drugs and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

 

How does marijuana affect me?

Marijuana is a “psychoactive” drug which means it impacts the way your brain functions while using it. This results in:

  • slowed perception
  • difficulty with problem-solving
  • lack of coordination
  • disrupted learning and memory
  • impaired judgment and decision-making
  • increased sleepiness
  • increased paranoia
  • increased appetite

 

Is marijuana a gateway drug?

The term “gateway drug” refers to the idea that using one drug might lead people to use other, more dangerous drugs.

Researchers do not agree on whether marijuana is a gateway drug.

 

Isn’t marijuana legal in some places?

Yes, marijuana is legal for adults to use in some places in the United States. However, just because something is legal doesn’t mean it’s healthy to use. Alcohol is a drug that is also legal to use but comes with plenty of dangers if used too much.

 

What is medical marijuana?

“Medical marijuana” refers to marijuana being used to treat an illness or medical condition. And, while medical marijuana is legal in some places in the United States, smoking marijuana has not been approved as a treatment for any medical condition. Instead, the chemicals that makeup marijuana are used carefully by doctors to treat certain medical issues.

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Meth

Meth Affects More People Than You Think

Meth (Methamphetamine) is a highly addictive stimulant that affects the central nervous system. This drug has single-handedly destroyed persons and their families because of its addictive nature.
This is a drug that not only harms the user’s physical and mental well being but also their family.
According to Monitoring the Future, about 2% of youth have tried meth by the 12th grade.

What Is Meth?

Meth is another name for methamphetamine, a highly addictive and dangerous drug.

Meth is a stimulant to the central nervous system. When the drug enters the brain, it causes a large release of the neurotransmitter dopamine causing intense feelings of pleasure for the user.
Some long-term effects of Meth include:

  • Mood swings
  • Problems sleeping
  • Anxiety and confusion
  • Violent behavior
  • Psychosis (seeing/hearing/feeling things that are not there)
  • Severe weight loss
  • Involuntary movements/twitching
  • Skin sores from scratching
  • Severe dental problems (also known as “meth mouth”)
  • Problems with thinking, emotion and memory

 

How To Get Help If You Know Someone Addicted To Meth

If you, or someone you know, has a problem, talk to a trusted adult. Seek out local substance abuse treatment centers in your area for further help. A physician or counselor should be able to assist you in finding treatment centers.
You can also seek out local self-help groups such as crystalmeth.org.

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Prescription drugs

 

What are prescription drugs?

Prescription drugs are any medicine that is prescribed by a doctor to treat a medical condition.

Some people misuse prescription drugs by taking too much of them, by taking them when they’re not supposed to or by using someone else’s prescription drugs.

 

 

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about the dangers of prescription drugs and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

 

How do prescription drugs affect me?

The most common type of prescription drug misuse is with painkillers, stimulants, and depressants.

 

Painkillers

Painkillers are any type of medicine that are used to reduce pain, including:

  • hydrocodone
  • oxycodone
  • morphine
  • codeine

 

Stimulants

Stimulants are any type of medicine that are used to stimulate brain activity and treat disorders like ADHD and depression, including:

  • adderall
  • dexedrine
  • ritalin
  • benzedine

 

Depressants

Depressants are any type of medicine that are used to reduce brain activity and treat disorders like anxiety, panic attacks and sleep disorders, including:

  • barbiturates
  • valium
  • xanax
  • ambien

Prescription drugs should only be used as directed by a doctor. Any other use may lead to sickness, addiction or overdose.

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Synthetic Drugs

 

What are synthetic drugs?

Synthetic drugs are any type of drug that are man-made using chemicals. The most common synthetic drugs are bath salts and spice (synthetic marijuana). Synthetic drugs can be very dangerous to use.

 

 

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about synthetic drugs and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

 

How do synthetic drugs affect me?

Synthetic drugs causes feelings of pleasure for the person using it. However, using synthetic drugs has many dangerous side effects, including:

  • raised blood pressure and heart rate
  • increased breathing rate
  • increased paranoia
  • seeing, hearing, and feeling things that are not there
  • violent outbursts
  • panic attacks
  • addiction
  • heart attack
  • death

Synthetic drugs can also cause hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) which means, even after a person has stopped using these drugs, they may still experience hallucinations.

 

Why are synthetic drugs so dangerous?

Because these types of drugs are new, they is little legal regulation when making or selling them. No package of bath salts and spice are made the same. The people who make these products are constantly trying to stay ahead of the law and regularly change the chemicals used in each batch.

Because there are little to no standards by which these drugs are made, the contents and strength of these drugs varies greatly. This means that a person who has previously used synthetic drugs could come into contact with a drug of much greater potency than to which they are used to. This, combined with the tolerance and physical dependence of either drugs, can easily result in an overdose or death.

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Tobacco

 

What is tobacco?

Tobacco is a type of plant used in making cigarettes, cigars, chewing/dipping tobacco and hookah. While tobacco products are legal to purchase for adults, they are highly addictive and have many negative effects.

 

 

What should I do if I need help?

Contact us to learn more about the dangers of tobacco products and how we can help. If you feel like you need immediate help, call the Centerstone Crisis Line nearest you.

 

How does tobacco affect me?

Tobacco contains a stimulant called nicotine which causes feelings of pleasure for the person using it. However, using tobacco products has many dangerous side effects, including:

  • lung, mouth, and many other types of cancer
  • increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • persistent cough
  • gum disease
  • risk of stroke
  • aging of skin
  • bad breath and yellowed teeth

Tobacco products are highly addictive, meaning that once you start using them, it’s very hard to stop.