May is National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Month, and today, we’re sharing the information you need to know to protect yourself and your partner from unintended pregnancy.
A person born with female reproductive organs can get pregnant during vaginal sex (when the penis enters the vagina) or if semen from the penis gets near the vagina or on the vulva and enters the vagina.
The only 100% guaranteed way to prevent pregnancy is to practice abstinence (not having vaginal sex). If you’re sexually active, you have several options to reduce your risk of pregnancy.
Birth control methods that don’t require a prescription:
Birth control methods that require a prescription:
Less common birth control methods include the sponge, diaphragm and cervical cap.
Keep in mind, only condoms protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
If you have unprotected sex or your birth control method fails (such as the condom breaks or you forget to take your birth control pill on time each day), emergency contraception can reduce your risk of pregnancy. Also called the “morning-after pill,” emergency contraception must be taken within three to five days after unprotected sex. If a pregnancy has already occurred, emergency contraception will not end the pregnancy. Many options are available over the counter and don’t require a prescription.
If you’re thinking about having sex or are currently sexually active, it can be helpful to talk to a trusted adult. While it can be intimidating to talk about sex with an adult, doing so can help you learn more about protecting yourself and your partner from unwanted pregnancy and STIs. A trusted adult can include a:
Need more info? Connect with an Expert.
Centerstone: Methods to prevent pregnancy and STIs
Centerstone: Teen pregnancy
Planned Parenthood: Condom
Planned Parenthood: Birth control shot
Planned Parenthood: Birth control patch
Planned Parenthood: Birth control ring
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