cstnprapp12.centerstone.lan

Understanding Thought Disorders

“Thought disorder” is a term used to describe any of several illnesses or diseases that commonly manifest in language (speech or writing) that is difficult to make sense of. The most common thought disorder is schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects more than two million Americans. Below are four common symptoms of thought disorders:

Hallucinations
Hallucinations occur when individuals hear and see things that aren’t really there. Individuals with hallucinations do not have accurate perceptions of their environments. Visual hallucinations involve seeing things, such as imaginary friends or enemies. Auditory hallucinations commonly involve hearing negative messages that may trigger odd behaviors. Hallucinated voices “interact” with patients, often ordering them to do something or commenting on their behavior. People who experience hallucinations may talk to themselves – although they believe they are talking to another person. Sometimes people who experience hallucinations may hear voices instructing them to harm themselves or others.

Delusions
Individuals with delusions experience bizarre thoughts and have fixed false beliefs. These beliefs are firmly held against all evidence to the contrary. Delusions can be very grandiose and can involve the person being at the center of some large plot or scheme. Believing one is being followed or being poisoned are both examples of delusions. Individuals with delusions can also experience hallucinations. Delusions combined with paranoia will likely cause additional anxiety and fear.

Paranoid
When someone is obsessed with fearful and suspicious thoughts, they are considered paranoid. Paranoid persons often have ideas of persecution or injustice. They may feel as if anyone and everyone is out to get them, becoming engulfed in their delusions. Fears about other people seem to have reached new heights, as some studies show paranoia to be as common as anxiety or depression. Paranoid ideas can be intense and complex and ignite angry and hostile behaviors. Telling someone they are “crazy” when they have paranoid or delusional thoughts will only agitate them more.

Derailment
On the railways, derailment occurs when a train jumps off the track. “Derailment” is also a thought disorder characterized by slippage of ideas further and further from the point of a discussion. Derailing thoughts can just wander off and never return. The individual uses words and phrases that have loose association. The frame of reference changes from one viewpoint to another. This can cause confusion for the person experiencing derailment as well as those around him or her.

Many people with thought disorders lack insight and refuse diagnosis or treatment. However, treatment options are available and can help these individuals to live full, productive lives.

Related Posts

Mental Health

Mental Health Myth Busting

This month marks the seventieth anniversary of Mental Health Month. In the decades since the first observance, stigma surrounding mental health issues has greatly reduced. However, misconceptions and misinformation still exist. It is vital for the one in five Americans who live with mental health conditions that we debunk mental health myths that persist. I ...

Anxiety

Trauma Informed System of Care Conference in Illinois

Speakers have been announced and registration is now open for the Trauma Informed System of Care Conference, co-hosted by Centerstone, a national leader in behavioral health care. The conference will be held on Saturday, May 4 from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. at John A. Logan College’s main conference center in Carterville, IL. Register online ...

Mental Health

Peer Support Services at Capitol Hill in Nashville

Centerstone Peer Support Services staff and clients took part in Behavioral Health Day at Capitol Hill in Nashville on March 20 for a time of fun, fellowship, advocacy and education. Centerstone Peer Support Services provide a safe and supportive environment where individuals with mental illness or addiction gain confidence, build social skills, develop new friendships and ...

Mental Health

Centerstone Takes Home Award

The Healing Arts Project, Inc. (HAPI) honored Centerstone with their Community Friend Award at the Phoenix Art Gala held in Nashville. HAPI provides free art classes taught by professional artists, art exhibit and publication opportunities and outreach events. The annual gala features live music, a silent art auction, dinner and awards. The silent auction features ...

Mental Health

Happy Birthday, Centerstone!

On Feb. 26, 170 years ago, residents in Louisville saw a need to serve orphaned children in their community. That need resulted in the merger of two organizations, Bellewood Home for Children and Brooklawn Child & Family Services, which later formed Uspiritus in 2012, who recently joined the Centerstone family. With Uspiritus joining Centerstone, Centerstone’s ...